After virtually a decade, James Cameron’s Avatar has turn out to be a must-see movie for any film lover. Being the highest-grossing film of all time and winner of three Oscars, the success of Avatar allowed it to have 4 extra sequels coming over the subsequent few years. Past its revolutionary technical elements, the movie generated a well-liked curiosity for the superb technological and pure parts which might be described within the historical past of two worlds: the Earth and Pandora.
The story of the movie takes place within the yr 2154. The Earth is overcrowded with detached and grasping individuals, and we start to search for options to our issues somewhere else within the universe. Through the course of the film, we witness the immense technological advances that people have achieved—machines and units that we now have solely seen in sci-fi works for a very long time.
Nevertheless, the unimaginable half is that even when the plot takes place inside a century and a half, we have already got lots of these advances. A while in the past, we confirmed you the actual equal of Pandora’s life-forms on our personal planet. So now it’s time to see that a lot of the futuristic know-how of the movie is already inside our attain. The truth is, the way forward for Avatar could also be a lot nearer to our current than we might think about.
10 Exopack (Oxygen-Filtering System)
Scientific particulars within the plot of Avatar state that Pandora’s environment incorporates giant quantities of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Because of this, if a human breathes naturally in that environment, he’ll die intoxicated in a couple of minutes.
So people in Pandora want to make use of a tool referred to as “exopack.” This gear consists of a respiration masks related to a mechanism that filters oxygen from the air whereas eliminating poisonous gases. Thus, the individual utilizing the exopack can breathe recent air with out the necessity to carry oxygen tanks.
The reality is that this know-how already exists, and we’ve units able to always filtering the air from different substances to breathe it. The creator of this know-how is the Israeli firm Like-A-Fish Technologies, based in 2001.
Conventional diving fits have oxygen tanks that have to be recharged after a while. So Like-A-Fish Technologies created an underwater respiration system with out tanks, which instantly extracts the air dispersed within the seawater. Such air represents 2 % of the full quantity of the water physique, so the system works constantly for so long as its batteries final.
The creators of the undertaking have already considered increasing the makes use of of this promising know-how—for instance, to offer breathable air in airtight environments. With just a little extra improvement, we might make this gadget grow to be a full-fledged exopack.
9 Big Robotic Automobiles
To carry out mining operations on Pandora, Avatar describes that people use unmanned automobiles with the peak of a small constructing and remotely managed by an operator. From excavators to dump vans, these automobiles are similar to the large mining vans presently utilized in giant mines.
The distinction is that probably the most superior mining automobiles of our time nonetheless don’t attain the complete degree of automation of the machines within the film. They even have cabins for drivers if an eventuality arises. Nicely, it was like that till lately, however we’ve lastly constructed automobiles—each gigantic and unmanned—which are just like these in James Cameron’s film.
Since 2008, Japanese firm Komatsu has been commercializing a system of autonomous mining vans which have already carried hundreds of thousands of tons of fabric in locations like Australia and Chile. Nevertheless, in 2016, the corporate introduced a prototype of haul truck each autonomous and cabless, identical to the mining automobiles in Avatar. The truck is absolutely electrical, and an operator can drive it utilizing wi-fi controls.
However the resemblance to the machines of the film doesn’t finish there. Komatsu’s remotely managed truck additionally has a monstrous measurement, with its 15 meters (49 ft) in size and cargo capability of 230 tons. Though the launch date of this truck has not been fastened, Komatsu says it plans to commercialize it “in the near future.” Then we will take it to a distant moon to load it with rocks.
eight Clear Shows
From televisions to advertisements, together with screens and tablets, virtually all communication units displayed in Avatar have absolutely clear screens. The thought of getting clear TVs or cell telephones has been the dream of many individuals for many years. It’s even believed to be the earlier step to extra superior applied sciences resembling midair holograms.
For a very long time, science struggled to create such units, able to projecting clear pictures when needed however being crystalline like glass on the similar time. And after many makes an attempt, it lastly appears that it has been achieved.
Conventional shows akin to LEDs and LCDs generate photographs utilizing one thing referred to as backlight, which in essence is a shiny, white display on the again of the system. The sunshine it emits then passes by means of small crystals on the entrance of the show that filter the sunshine in accordance with the colour wanted to type the picture.
Subsequently, widespread digital screens are darkish and opaque. They want the backlight display to emit the picture you see. Nevertheless, we then created the so-called natural LEDs (OLEDs). An OLED display is made up of tens of millions of small diodes, every of which emits its personal mild. So, on this case, the backlight is not essential and an OLED display not must be opaque.
The know-how of clear OLEDs has been round for a number of years with sizes starting from a window to a cellphone display. In current occasions, probably the most acknowledged corporations within the sector started to publicly current their very own clear shows.
However, one thing much more revolutionary is the know-how of clear contact screens. In 2016, an organization referred to as TechRobotix introduced a clear 140-centimeter (55 in) contact display and the result’s as futuristic as what Avatar might present you.
7 Superior Rotorcraft
A tilt-rotor plane has propeller engines able to rotating their positions independently of the remainder of the car. Thus, this plane is ready to take off vertically like a helicopter, tilt its rotors, and advance like an airplane.
Because of this, tilt-rotor plane are quicker than a standard helicopter because the velocity of the latter is restricted by the angle of inclination of all the car. In Avatar, the army in Pandora use tilt-rotor automobiles referred to as Scorpion, twin-turbine plane each quick and agile.
The official story of the film says that Scorpion Gunships have been created within the mid-21st century, virtually a century earlier than the occasions in Pandora. For that purpose, these automobiles are among the many least superior know-how of the 2009 movie and we have already got comparable plane in operation.
Though such automobiles are nonetheless inferior to these of Avatar in know-how and efficiency, we have now created tilt-rotor prototypes in current occasions which are able to competing even with a sci-fi plane. Let’s see, for instance, the case of the Italian firm AgustaWestland, which in 2013 formally introduced a tilt-rotor plane referred to as Undertaking Zero.
The “Project Zero” car is absolutely electrical and is powered by two propeller generators, which may tilt greater than 90 levels. These generators permit the car to take off vertically and hover within the air. In cruise mode, the plane glides with its wings and the propellers themselves can perform as wind generators to recharge the batteries.
Its futuristic design is in contrast to some other operational plane, and the creators of the venture state that this car might be utilized in missions on Mars. Curious reality: One other plane of the film, the four-turbine “Dragon” gunship, has a terrific resemblance to an American experimental car, the Bell X-22, developed in 1966.
6 Levitation System
For those who attempt to put a magnet on prime of one other to see if it floats, you will notice that it’s inconceivable. Regardless of how arduous you attempt, the magnetic fields of inert objects make them unable to align. So the magnets appeal to or repel one another.
Nevertheless, in Avatar, we will see how one of many characters within the film performs with a bit of metallic floating on a magnetic levitation system. The secret is that this piece of metallic is the valuable “unobtanium,” a hypothetical superconducting metallic and, in fact, the MacGuffin of the film. That is the place actual physics comes into play, and the phenomenon seen within the movie turns into believable even for us.
In contrast to different typical metals, a superconductor is a metallic that conducts electrical energy with none resistance. At present, all recognized superconductors have to be frozen at very low temperatures to perform as such.
Nevertheless, the unobtanium of Avatar is a room-temperature superconductor, which in actuality can be one thing just like the Holy Grail for science. It occurs that in the event you place a magnet on a frozen superconducting metallic, the magnet will float with out issues and can stay secure.
That is referred to as superconducting levitation and is at present an experiment repeated many occasions in laboratories all over the world. So the levitation system you see in Avatar is nothing greater than a flowery magnet lifting a superexpensive metallic.
However what if the thing you need to carry isn’t magnetic or metallic?
Don’t worry as a result of scientists from the UK created a tool able to levitating all types of objects by sound waves. The so-called “sonic tractor beam” is generated by a number of mini-speakers that emit ultrasonic waves.
If an object is positioned on the level of intersection of those waves, it is going to float inert within the air. So we nonetheless don’t discover unobtanium, but we will make issues fly within the meantime.
Whereas on the battlefield, a number of characters of the film use a particular communication gadget hooked up to their throats referred to as Aircom Headset. Once they press this gadget, they will remotely talk with one another.
In actuality, we name this system “throat microphone” or laryngophone. In environments the place there’s numerous background noise, typical microphones can’t correctly seize the individual’s voice as these obtain any sound wave that travels via the air.
As an alternative, throat microphones include a number of sound receivers positioned immediately on the larynx of the individual in order that these microphones seize solely the vibrations the individual produces when talking. When utilizing laryngophones, no different exterior sound interferes with communication.
Throat microphones are definitely a know-how we have now had for a very long time. In truth, the invention of those units dates again to the 1930s once they have been included into flight fits. Later, the Nazis used them throughout World Conflict II.
These days, many army and safety forces on the earth use laryngophones to speak in excessive circumstances. Of course, not all of those units have light-weight and superior designs like these of Avatar.
For instance, we will see a complicated throat microphone created by the corporate iASUS Ideas. This microphone has a compact and ergonomic design. Probably the most notable factor is that it utterly cancels the ambient noise with out dropping the standard of the individual’s voice.
The laryngophone is likely one of the applied sciences of Avatar that we’ve got greatest developed up to now, however it’s no much less spectacular.
four Big Manned Robots
Undoubtedly, AMP Fits are among the many most iconic applied sciences of Avatar. These superior automobiles are big manned robots pushed by troopers to make use of heavy weapons and carry giant objects. Being four meters (13 ft) tall, an AMP Go well with can deal with weapons akin to handheld cannons, flamethrowers, and big knives.
It’s comprehensible that we don’t consider such a machine exists as we speak. We often don’t see an enormous robotic strolling down the road. However extremely, science has already created the AMP Go well with and the outcome appears straight out of a high-budget film.
In 2014, South Korean firm Hankook Mirae started engaged on a prototype of an enormous bipedal robotic referred to as Technique, which might be managed from the within by an operator. In early 2017, a extra superior model of the robotic, Technique-2, was publicly introduced.
The Technique-2 is a manned robotic measuring four meters (13 ft) tall, identical to its counterpart from Avatar. With a weight of 1.6 tons and a price of $100 million, the design of the Technique-2 is similar to that of an AMP Go well with. It’s because its designer is an idea artist who additionally labored on high-budget movies akin to Transformers. The arms of the pilot contained in the robotic are related to mechanisms that transfer the limbs of the machine in actual time.
For now, the actions of the legs are remotely managed by different operators. However that would change within the close to future as Hankook Mirae plans to launch up to date and extra futuristic variations of the robotic.
In response to the corporate itself, future makes use of of the Technique robotic will vary from rescue missions to army operations. It has even been proposed that these robots could possibly be used to patrol the border between the 2 Koreas.
three Handheld Tremendous-Flamethrower
Flamethrowers have been extensively used over time by civilians and the army. The Nazis used them, Russians used them, even farmers used them. In line with Avatar, troopers on different planets may even proceed to make use of them. Within the remaining battle of the film, human troopers use highly effective flamethrowers to make their means by way of the dense jungle of Pandora.
These super-flamethrowers are able to masking nice distances with their scorching jets of flame. The perfect half is that they’re moveable. Pressurized gasoline is saved immediately contained in the light-weight casing of the gadget, so it isn’t mandatory to hold additional gasoline tanks like a standard flamethrower. If this know-how appears a bit superior for our time, nicely, we have already got it, too.
Let’s first think about the well-known flamethrower of The Boring Firm launched earlier this yr. Though it has a flowery design near that of Avatar flamethrowers, its vary of fireside is so restricted that it doesn’t exceed three meters (10 ft). Because of this, it’s typically extra in comparison with a propane torch than to a flamethrower.
So let’s transfer on to a stronger model. An American firm managed to develop a complicated handheld gadget referred to as the XM42-M flamethrower. This moveable flamethrower has an aluminum physique and is powered by liquid gasoline, thus avoiding using fuel tanks. The highly effective system has a variety of greater than 9 meters (30 ft) with a easy however sensible design that may be outfitted with laser sights.
Probably the most fascinating factor is that each flamethrowers are business merchandise created for civilian use. Actually, flamethrowers are usually prohibited for army use. So, if Pandora actually exists, it must be extra apprehensive about civilians with flamethrowers than about troopers.
2 Suborbital Plane
The movie exhibits that after arriving at Pandora, people descend from their orbiting interstellar spacecraft to the Moon’s floor through the use of a suborbital car referred to as Valkyrie. This plane has the power to fly into outer area and reenter the environment in a single piece.
Though our basic area shuttles look just like the Valkyrie, the previous relied on exterior rockets and single-use elements to propel themselves into area. As an alternative, the Valkyrie propels by itself.
This doesn’t imply that we should not have the know-how of suborbital plane. Actually, we will point out a number of kinds of automobiles specifically created to go to area and return simply because the Valkyrie would do it.
As early as 1959, america Air Drive developed the X-15, an experimental plane able to suborbital flights. Throughout its 199 check flights, the X-15 reached a flight peak of just about 108 kilometers (67 mi). Past 100 kilometers (62 mi), it was already in outer area. After that, the spacecraft might glide and land with out problem.
A number of many years later, in 2004, one other car referred to as SpaceShipOne achieved the identical outcomes. A particular aircraft took SpaceShipOne as much as 15 kilometers (9 mi) excessive after which each automobiles separated. From there, the spaceplane continued to climb by itself all the best way as much as greater than 100 kilometers (62 mi), because of its rocket engine.
Its touchdown course of was just like that of the X-15. As an fascinating element, one other aircraft referred to as Boeing X-20 had the identical suborbital capabilities of the aforementioned automobiles. Though this venture was canceled in 1963 simply earlier than finishing the primary prototype, its design was going to be similar to the Valkyrie from Avatar.
1 De-Extinction Know-how
Firstly of the movie, whereas we’re nonetheless on Earth, we will see a newscast of the longer term projected on a wall. Within the newscast, it’s said that Bengal tigers have been revived by cloning after being extinct for a century. This course of is actual and is called de-extinction, the restoration of an extinct species by cloning its people by way of one other close to relative species.
De-extinction is a really complicated course of as a result of it includes utilizing cells of the extinct being to artificially fertilize a close to relative with them. It’s a complicated and really costly method. However in our century, we have now made nice progress on this subject. Furthermore, we’ve already introduced extinct species again to life.
In 2003, a Spanish-French scientific workforce revived a kind of untamed goat referred to as bucardo whose species had turn out to be extinct three years earlier. By implanting the cell nucleus of a bucardo into an empty goat egg, scientists have been capable of artificially fertilize the latter.
After a while, the primary cloned bucardo was born, thus representing the primary extinct species revived by cloning. Sadly, the bucardo died a couple of minutes after start resulting from a lung failure.
All this occurred a decade and a half in the past. However now, with extra superior information in cloning and genetic engineering, scientists consider that de-extinction is already utterly viable. Based on a report, we will lastly convey again mammoths within the subsequent few years.
What’s lacking now to revive extra extinct species just isn’t know-how however monetary help. With the decreased curiosity of the authorities in de-extinction, probably the most promising approach of financial help for this know-how can be vacationer parks with cloned specimens of extinct species.
Brian is an financial system scholar who’s keen about graphic design. He’s additionally an avid fanatic of the artwork of writing.